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By Jayamma Abanobi, editor Factboyz.com

2009 is a year Nigerians will not forget in a hurry, this year marked the beginning of hope for the average Nigerian as the president at the time His Excellency Umaru Musa Yar’Adua mapped out plans for an economic blueprint for the country with the set target for 2020; a cumulative of 11 years from the start date. Yar’Adua’s planned that after a number of validation exercises, he would launch the nation’s economic blueprint on October 1, 2009 to enable Nigeria attain its long term developmental goal of being among the top 20 most industrialized economies in the world by 2020. The blueprint was drafted and announced to the joy of Nigerians, but with the advent of the new year 2020, the plan is far from being materialized. The sad reality stares at the face of millions of Nigerians with many of the opinion that 2009 was a better economic year than 2019, with the exception of 2020 – the new year. This sad reality is the undeniable fact. In 2009, the dollar exchange rate to naira stood at 145-171 naira to one dollar. Currently as at 1st January 2020, that figure is 362.50 naira to a dollar, a clear contrast of the expected outcome of the Vision 2020 plans drafted in 2009.

The late president Yar’Adua

Umaru Musa Yar’Adua had good plans for the country, but his dreams for the country lacked the effrontery to withstand successive governments who did not build and develop his economic blueprint for the country. His sudden death also contributed to the unfortunate series of events that followed.

Yar’Adua’s plan can be summarized in 3 Developmental stages

  • STAGE III: BECOMING A TOP 20 ECONOMY BY 2020 (2015 – 2020)

None of the above stages were ever initiated or concluded…

Well, Nigeria is not a stranger to promises that are geared towards the general development of the country. Even in the 1970s and 1980s, some of the politicians who we hold in high regard as Fathers of Nigerian politics and Nationalism all promised to provide constant power supply but that has never been fulfilled already becoming a constant anthem for politicians seeking political office especially in the presidential level. Nigeria is in dire need of infrastructure, it is hungry for an organized system; but how can that come? The vision 2020 we so much hoped for and anticipated for is over with Nigeria not even achieving up to 5% of its laid out plans to become a top economic hub by 2020.

The transportation system in Nigeria is fantastically decayed with every hope of redemption far from sight; the little relief Nigerians get in the usage of quality transportation is dominated by private transportation companies who even complain of the state of roads in the country with bad roads littered everywhere. We cannot deny that the current administration of President Buhari is working hard to ensure that the Nigerian Railway system is up and running with the launching of new trains, wagons, coaches and stations; but the worry lies in the subtle fact that most of these trains do not meet current world standards; but it should be applauded that there is a major revival in the railway system. Airports in Nigeria do not meet world standards, though a promise is around the corner with the spotlight on the Enugu Airport which the Federal Government has assured will meet world standards.

For an economy to thrive, the provision and efficient management of the transportation system is key. The provisions of good roads, railway tracks, quality buses, boats and trains for mobility and the efficient management of these is necessary.

I will not delve into the other sectors that need to revive for economic growth because one thing for sure is this; Vision 2020 was a TOTAL FAILURE.

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Jay Immanuel is a passionate blogger who is keen to pass across relevant information to users in the web. He can be reached at [email protected]


  1. Just like any discipline of sports activity, horseback riding also requires specific gear. It won’t imply that without the right outfits of the rider, the horse is not going to canter, however the norm, level of comfort, looks play a significant role in all of disciplines. Especially horseback riding, namely a discipline from distant history, has generated certain characteristics over time. Breeches are absolutely one of them.

    Equestrian breeches, coziness, and custom
    Equestrian breeches are special horseback riding jeans. Because they don’t include seams on the inner side of the leg, namely in the place where the rider’s leg meets the seat, they give you comfort and ease and mobility of movements. This sort of strategy for sewing defends your sensitive skin from chafing, enables the rider to correctly saddle the horse and ride for long periods not having negative results. Breeches may be tight or puffed throughout the thighs and legs, just like cavalry breeches.

    Right now, the most popular are tight types of breeches, even so, there exists still a huge group people of all ages preferring the cavalry product, such as saloons or jodhpurs, having straight or slightly extending legs. The last version has become well-known in the Nineteenth century Great Britain because of Jodhpur maharajah playing polo in such gear.

    What makes breeches extraordinary?

    Breeches are seen as high waist and grip – short or long. A grip is an added support which has a layer of suede, leather or silicone that goes far to the knees or across the whole leg. The idea helps ensure much better adhesiveness in the seat, however, the style of the breeches is dependent on the rider’s personal preferences.

    Full grip breeches possess this extra strengthening on the inner side of the trousers on the whole length of the place that the rider’s body meets the seat – on the buttocks to calves. This model is specially loved by dressage riders, who want to ride at a trot or canter. By reason of reduced slippage and good tackiness, gluiness, gumminess, they make it much easier to remain in the saddle.

    Knee grip breeches possess the strengthening on the inner side of the knees. This design is very popular among jumping riders as it warranties flexibility of movements even at the expense of a minimal proper grip. It is effective at a trot and canter in half-seat.

    Components for breeches
    In order for breeches to become as sturdy as it can be, they should be crafted from top quality elements. Fabric is decided on for a given time of year, so it is properly breathable, isolating, quick-dry, and simple to clear. The material really should be slightly elastic and maintain its construction even with many laundries.


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